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Better proposal distributions: object tracking using unscented particle filter

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2 Author(s)
Yong Rui ; Collaboration & Multimedia Syst. Group, Microsoft Res., Redmond, WA, USA ; Yunqiang Chen

Tracking objects involves the modeling of non-linear non-Gaussian systems. On one hand, variants of Kalman filters are limited by their Gaussian assumptions. On the other hand, conventional particle filter, e.g., CONDENSATION, uses transition prior as the proposal distribution. The transition prior does not take into account current observation data, and many particles can therefore be wasted in low likelihood area. To overcome these difficulties, unscented particle filter (UPF) has recently been proposed in the field of filtering theory. In this paper, we introduce the UPF framework into audio and visual tracking. The UPF uses the unscented Kalman filter to generate sophisticated proposal distributions that seamlessly integrate the current observation, thus greatly improving the tracking performance. To evaluate the efficacy of the UPF framework, we apply it in two real-world tracking applications. One is the audio-based speaker localization, and the other is the vision-based human tracking. The experimental results are compared against those of the widely used CONDENSATION approach and have demonstrated superior tracking performance.

Published in:

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2001. CVPR 2001. Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE Computer Society Conference on  (Volume:2 )

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