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Fluid electrification measurements of transformer pressboard/oil insulation in a Couette charger

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3 Author(s)
Morin, A.J., II ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA ; Zahn, M. ; Melcher, J.R.

A Couette charger (CC) facility has been built to simulate flow electrification processes in transformers where transformer oil fills the annulus between coaxial cylindrical electrodes. Transient measurements with a step change in temperature have shown the charge density to change from an initial value to a new steady-state value, including cases of polarity reversal, both values dependent on the equilibrium moisture levels in oil and pressboard. Through a model that accounts for diffusion of charge from the paper-oil interface into the bulk of the oil, these measurements are used to deduce the equilibrium wall charge density. To help understand the effects of energization and to scale laboratory measurements at low voltages and low frequencies to operating transformers, a charge injection model was refined to examine the migration of double layer and injected charge in the imposed sinusoidally time-varying electric field. Good fits between this model and measurements are achieved

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Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 5 )