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Design and control of a microrobotic system using magnetic levitation

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4 Author(s)
Khamesee, M.B. ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Mie Univ., Japan ; Kato, N. ; Nomura, Y. ; Nakamura, T.

Presents a prototype microrobot based on magnetic principles. Miniature items are to be transported and assembled in hazardous environments. A microrobot can be remotely operated with 3 DOF in an enclosed environment by transferring magnetic energy and optical signals from outside. The magnetic drive unit consists of 8 electromagnets (4 pairs), 2 permanent magnets, a return yoke and a pole piece. The microrobot is manipulated under the pole piece by regulating magnetic field. It consists of a magnetic head, a body (electronic circuit and batteries), and copper alloy ribbon ringers. A shape memory alloy actuator activates the fingers by illuminating/extinguishing several LED. PID controls were applied. To cope with uncertainties and variations in payload masses, an adaptive control law was also employed for positioning along the z axis to enable the controller parameters to be adjusted in real-time. Effectiveness of the control was verified by the results of several experiments. The microrobot has a net mass of 8.1 g and it can elevate and manipulate objects with masses up to 1.5 g within a volume of 29×29×26 mm3 with a precision of 0.05 mm

Published in:

Mechatronics, IEEE/ASME Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Mar 2002

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