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Time-domain modeling, characterization, and measurements of anechoic and semi-anechoic electromagnetic test chambers

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5 Author(s)
C. L. Holloway ; U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Nat. Inst. of Stand. & Technol., Boulder, CO, USA ; P. M. McKenna ; R. A. Dalke ; R. A. Perala
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We present time-domain techniques for modeling, characterizing, and measuring anechoic and semi-anechoic chambers used for emission and immunity testing of digital devices. The finite difference time-domain (FDTD) approach is used to model and characterize these chambers. In the FDTD model presented here, we discuss methods used to eliminate the need to spatially resolve the fine detail of the absorbing structures; present a differential-operator approach for incorporating both frequency-dependent permittivity and permeability into the time domain; and discuss the effects of gaps and holes in ferrite-tile absorbers on both absorber and chamber performance. Comparisons of the FDTD chamber model with measured data for different chamber sizes are presented. Finally, we discuss and illustrate how time-domain techniques can be used to characterize chambers, predict performance, and diagnose problems with both absorbers and chambers. With time-domain and frequency-domain techniques, we show how the performance of chambers can be significantly altered with only small changes in the type of absorbing structure used, and we illustrate how undesirable modal field distributions can occur inside a chamber when a nonoptimal absorber is used

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 1 )