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A feature-based, robust, hierarchical algorithm for registering pairs of images of the curved human retina

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4 Author(s)
Can, A. ; Dept. of Electrical, Computer, & Syst. Eng., Rensselaer Polytech. Inst., Troy, NY, USA ; Stewart, C.V. ; Roysam, B. ; Tanenbaum, H.L.

This paper describes a robust hierarchical algorithm for fully-automatic registration of a pair of images of the curved human retina photographed by a fundus microscope. Accurate registration is essential for mosaic synthesis, change detection, and design of computer-aided instrumentation. Central to the algorithm is a 12-parameter interimage transformation derived by modeling the retina as a rigid quadratic surface with unknown parameters. The parameters are estimated by matching vascular landmarks by recursively tracing the blood vessel structure. The parameter estimation technique, which could be generalized to other applications, is a hierarchy of models and methods, making the algorithm robust to unmatchable image features and mismatches between features caused by large interframe motions. Experiments involving 3,000 image pairs from 16 different healthy eyes were performed. Final registration errors less than a pixel are routinely achieved. The speed, accuracy, and ability to handle small overlaps compare favorably with retinal image registration techniques published in the literature

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 3 )