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In this letter, we introduce a minima controlled recursive averaging (MCRA) approach for noise estimation. The noise estimate is given by averaging past spectral power values and using a smoothing parameter that is adjusted by the signal presence probability in subbands. The presence of speech in subbands is determined by the ratio between the local energy of the noisy speech and its minimum within a specified time window. The noise estimate is computationally efficient, robust with respect to the input signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and type of underlying additive noise, and characterized by the ability to quickly follow abrupt changes in the noise spectrum.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2002