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In order to accommodate high data-rate applications, there is a significant interest in extending space-time (ST) coding, originally proposed for frequency-nonselective channels assumed known to the receiver, to unknown multipath channels. In this paper, we consider the problem of blind channel identification and linear multiuser receiver design for ST coded CDMA (code-division multiple-access) systems operating in frequency-selective fading channels. We investigate the identifiability conditions and present a subspace-based blind channel estimator for such systems. We discuss various linear multiuser detection schemes that can be used in conjunction with the proposed channel estimator for symbol demodulation in ST coded CDMA systems. Numerical examples are presented to illustrate the performance of the proposed channel estimator and linear detectors in multipath Rayleigh fading channels.
Signals, Systems and Computers, 2001. Conference Record of the Thirty-Fifth Asilomar Conference on (Volume:2 )
Date of Conference: 4-7 Nov. 2001