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Quantum data hiding

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3 Author(s)
D. P. DiVincenzo ; IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA ; D. W. Leung ; B. M. Terhal

We expand on our work on quantum data hiding - hiding classical data among parties who are restricted to performing only local quantum operations and classical communication (LOCC). We review our scheme that hides one bit between two parties using Bell (1964) states, and we derive upper and lower bounds on the secrecy of the hiding scheme. We provide an explicit bound showing that multiple bits can be hidden bitwise with our scheme. We give a preparation of the hiding states as an efficient quantum computation that uses at most one ebit of entanglement. A candidate data-hiding scheme that does not use entanglement is presented. We show how our scheme for quantum data hiding can be used in a conditionally secure quantum bit commitment scheme

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Information Theory  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 3 )