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The aim of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of a new spherically curved 1.5-D phased array for the treatment of localized prostatic cancer. The device is designed to conform to the Ablatherm(R) machine (EDAP-Technomed. France), a commercially available machine in which high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment for prostate cancer is administered transrectally. It uses high intensity electronically focused ultrasound to steer a beam along two axes, allowing enough depth to be reached to treat large prostates and eliminating two degrees of mechanical movement. Through computer simulation, it was determined that a curved 1.5-D configuration offered the optimal design. Two configurations were then proposed, and their ability to steer a beam within a target volume centered on the geometric focus of the transducer was simulated. An eight-element prototype was constructed to test the piezo-composite material and its electro-acoustical efficiency. Then, an array was constructed, and a multichannel amplifier and control system were added, to permit remote operation. Acoustical and electrical measurements were made to verify performance. Finally, the 1.5-D array was tested in vitro on samples of pig liver to confirm the ability to induce lesions.
Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:49 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: Feb. 2002