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A low-complexity combined antenna array and interference cancellation DS-CDMA receiver in multipath fading channels

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2 Author(s)
N. A. Mohamed ; CDMA Network Eng. Dept., Nortel Networks, Richardson, TX, USA ; J. G. Dunham

A simple direct sequence-code division multiple access receiver that combines adaptive beamforming with parallel interference cancellation in a multipath fading channel is proposed and analyzed. A fast adaptation, conjugate gradient algorithm is used to find the optimum beamformer weights. By beamforming, the desired user's signal is enhanced and the cochannel interference from other directions is reduced. For in-beam multiple access interference reduction, a parallel interference canceller is used in each RAKE finger. In the demodulation process, we propose a new demodulation method in which the incoming signal is correlated with the effecting spreading code rather than the physical spreading code called the effective matched filter. A new combining method called equivalent maximal ratio combining is also proposed and analyzed. The average uncoded bit error rate as a function of the average antenna signal-to-noise ratio and the number of receiving antennas is examined in a frequency selective Rayleigh fading channel for all proposed receiver structures. Both simulation and analysis show an increase in system capacity as a function of the number of antennas and the number of interferers canceled per finger

Published in:

IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 2 )