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Thermal analysis of blood undergoing laser photocoagulation

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3 Author(s)
Barton, J.K. ; Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ, USA ; Popok, D.P. ; Black, J.F.

The temperature of blood undergoing laser-induced photocoagulation during long-pulse (10 ms) 532 nm irradiation was measured in a time- and spatially-resolved manner using a novel technique. This method is based on the change in reflectivity of a solid-liquid interface given a dynamically changing refractive index in the liquid phase. In our case, the temperature-dependent change in the refractive index of blood was utilized, and the reflectivity at a glass-blood interface was measured. Measurements were compared to predictions from a finite-element model incorporating the effects of time-dependent changes in the absorption coefficients of the blood, and phase changes representing coagulation and the liquid/vapor transition. Previous studies have linked the onset of blood coagulation to a sharp rise in the 532-nm reflectance of the blood. Based on the thermal measurements and the results of an Arrhenius analysis, we postulate that the reflectance rise is a combination of protein denaturation and red blood cell conformal changes

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 6 )