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Development of a multigrid-type microstrip gas chamber

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7 Author(s)
H. Takahashi ; Center for Eng., Univ. of Tokyo, Japan ; K. Yokoi ; K. Yano ; D. Fukuda
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Conventional microstrip gas chambers (MSGCs) have encountered many difficulties, such as limited gas gain and sparking damages. We propose a new multigrid-type MSGC (M-MSGC) to overcome some of these difficulties. Additional grid strips are inserted between the anode and the cathode in this new type of MSGC. Gaps between these strips are chosen to be as small as 10 /spl mu/m where one can expect an efficient removal of the surface charge. With the existence of other strips with lower potentials than the anode, the field strength around the neighboring grid to the anode strip is not as high as the conventional small-gap MSGCs. The contribution of the surface streamer to the damage is greatly suppressed because the electric field parallel to the surface is screened by the intermediate grid electrodes. However, additional electrodes also screen all the electric field of the upper part of the substrate, and we cannot observe induced signals from the backside of the substrate. To overcome that difficulty, we propose another signal readout method using a patterning approach. Floating pads are placed close to the cathode strip on the surface of the M-MSGC, and the induced charges are read out via the pads. If the area of the pads is sufficiently large and the positive charges are moving toward the pads, the backside electrodes can sense the induced charge. Collected charges on the pads are leaked through the surface resistance. The backside signal through 2.3-mm-thick glass readout of the position along the cathode strips is successfully confirmed through experimental results.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 6 )