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Large-volume thallium bromide detectors for gamma-ray spectroscopy

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5 Author(s)
Hitomi, K. ; Dept. of Electron., Tohoku Inst. of Technol., Sendai, Japan ; Muroi, O. ; Matsumoto, A. ; Shoji, T.
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Thallium bromide (TlBr) is a wide-bandgap compound semiconductor characterized with high photon stopping power. In this study, large-volume /spl gamma/-ray detectors (approximately 3.8 /spl times/ 3.8 /spl times/ 3.8 mm/sup 3/) have been fabricated from TlBr crystals grown by the horizontal travelling molten zone (TMZ) method using zone-purified material. In order to extract the energy information of the incident radiation from the thick detectors, the short charge-collection time technique has been applied to the detectors. By this technique, the induced charge on the electrode is measured for a period of time that is short compared to the carrier transit time in order to minimize the deviation of the measured induced charge. The large-volume TlBr detectors irradiated with /sup 22/Na and /sup 137/Cs /spl gamma/-ray sources at room temperature have exhibited energy resolutions of 18.7% and 17.4% (FWHM) for the 511- and 662-keV peaks, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first time that full-energy peaks have been obtained from TlBr detectors several millimeters thick. The time stability of the detector operation is also studied.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 6 )