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A new compounding technique for reducing speckle brightness variations is proposed. This method exploits the decorrelation between signals under different strain states. The different strain states can be created using externally applied forces such as the ones used in sonoelastography. Such forces produce three-dimensional tissue motion. By correcting only the in-plane (i.e., axial and lateral) motion, the images under different strain states have similar characteristics except for speckle appearance caused by the uncorrected out-of-plane (i.e., elevational) motion. Additional speckle decorrelation is also introduced through tissue motion correction caused by the change of effective in-plane sample volume geometry. Therefore, these images can be combined for speckle reduction with less degradation in in-plane spatial resolution than conventional approaches. In this paper, three-dimensional tissue motion under various strain conditions were simulated. It was found that significant speckle decorrelation existed at strains achievable in some clinical situations. Experiments were also conducted to test efficacy of this approach. Pulse-echo data from a gelatin-based phantom were acquired using a 5-MHz, single crystal transducer, and both conventional and compound B-mode images were formed. Results indicated that speckle brightness variations were reduced, and detectability of low contrast objects was enhanced. Performance limitations and fundamental differences between the proposed technique and existing techniques are discussed.