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Analysis of interannual changes in northern vegetation activity observed in AVHRR data from 1981 to 1994

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5 Author(s)
Shabanov, N.V. ; Dept. of Geogr., Boston Univ., MA, USA ; Zhou, L. ; Knyazikhin, Y. ; Myneni, R.B.
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This paper reports on the analysis of Pathfinder AVHRR land (PAL) data set that spans the period July 1981 to September 1994. The time series of normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data for land areas north of 45° N assembled by correcting the PAL data with spectral methods confirms the northerly greening trend and extension of the photosynthetically active growing season. Analysis of the channel reflectance data indicates that the interannual changes in red and near-infrared reflectances are similar to seasonal changes in the spring time period when green leaf area increases and photosynthetic activity ramps up. Model calculations and theoretical analysis of the sensitivity of NDVI to background reflectance variations confirm the hypothesis that warming driven reductions in snow cover extent and earlier onset of greening are responsible for the observed changes in spectral reflectances over vegetated land areas

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 1 )