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A new look at coding for APD-based direct-detection optical channels

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2 Author(s)
M. A. Herro ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Notre Dame Univ., IN, USA ; L. Hu

Coding for avalanche photodiode (APD)-based direct-detection optical channels is investigated using a simple channel model that clearly points out the difference between the signal-dependent optical noise channel model and additive white Gaussian noise channel model. Coding and modulation are viewed as a single entity and the coding/modulation gain (CMG) is used to analyze and construct good codes for APD-based optical receivers. It is shown that the structure of block codes, when used in conjunction with on-off keying signaling, renders these codes fairly inefficient with respect to obtaining reasonable CMG on the optical channel. In contrast, codes (or modulations) that use fewer channel ones (pulses) than information ones per block can offer substantial CMG on the optical channel. For bandwidth-constrained applications, the authors propose using pulse-position modulation with more than one pulse per word to obtain reasonable CMG while consuming small amounts of bandwidth

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Information Theory  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 4 )