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Parallel processing in the DARPA strategic computing vision program

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5 Author(s)
Weems, C.C. ; Massachusetts Univ., Amherst, MA, USA ; Brown, C. ; Webb, Jon A. ; Poggio, T.
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Hardware, software tools, algorithms, and performance metrics that have been developed for image understanding are presented. Three commercially built examples reflecting three mature approaches considered germane to vision-single-instruction multiple-data, multiple-instruction multiple-data, and systolic processing-were chosen. They are, respectively, the Connection Machine, the Butterfly, and the Warp. A fourth approach, more specific to vision, was also selected for noncommercial implementation. This machine, the Image-Understanding Architecture, involves a heterogeneous combination of parallel processors with single-instruction multiple-data, multiple-instruction multiple-data, and other capabilities. Each site employing one of the above architectures developed a different set of tools, leading to significant cross-fertilization of ideas between the sites. Algorithms for low-level vision, shape from texture, fusing stereo and texture, surface interpolation, and robot navigation, among others, are briefly discussed. Benchmarks are described.<>

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IEEE Expert  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 5 )