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Channel tracking for RAKE receivers in closely spaced multipath environments

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4 Author(s)
Fock, G. ; Integrated Syst. for Signal Process. Lab., Aachen Univ. of Technol. (RWTH), Germany ; Baltersee, J. ; Schulz-Rittich, P. ; Meyr, H.

This paper deals with the problem of channel tracking for RAKE receivers in propagation environments characterized by closely spaced multipath components. After outlining why conventional single-path channel tracking algorithms fail in such scenarios, several new estimation algorithms are developed that are tailored to channels with closely spaced multipaths. This is achieved by removing or minimizing self-interference caused by multipath components. Other interfering users are treated as noise. Both timing tracking and phasor tracking and their interaction are covered in this paper. The derived algorithms are benchmarked against perfect channel knowledge on one hand and conventional tracking algorithms on the other hand, both in a UMTS test scenario. In moderate scenarios, the use of these new algorithms leads to performance improvements of up to 2 dB, in terms of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at moderate bit error rates, and even manages to track the channel in conditions where conventional tracking algorithms fail completely

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 12 )