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DC I-V characteristics of field emitter triodes

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4 Author(s)
H. H. Busta ; Amoco Technol. Co., Naperville, IL, USA ; B. J. Zimmerman ; M. C. Tringides ; C. A. Spindt

A simple model that is applicable to Spindt-type emitter triodes is presented. Experimentally, it has been observed that the gate current at zero collector voltage follows the same Fowler-Nordheim law as the collector current at high collector voltage, and that for low emission current densities, the sum of gate and collector currents is constant for any collector voltage and is given by the Fowler-Nordheim current IFN. Based on these observations, a simple model has been developed to calculate the I-V characteristics of a triode. By measuring the Fowler-Nordheim emission, emission area and field enhancement can be obtained assuming a value for the barrier height. Incorporating the gate current, the collector current can be calculated from Ic=IFN-Ig as a function of collector voltage. The model's accuracy is best at low current density. At higher emission currents, deviations occur at low collector voltages because the constancy of gate and collector currents is violated

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 11 )