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Underwater acoustic communication by passive-phase conjugation: theory and experimental results

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6 Author(s)
Rouseff, D. ; Appl. Phys. Lab., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA ; Jackson, D.R. ; Fox, W.L.J. ; Jones, C.D.
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A new method for coherent underwater acoustic communication called passive phase conjugation is evaluated. The method is so named because of conceptual similarities to active phase conjugation methods that have been demonstrated in the ocean. In contrast to active techniques, however, the array in passive phase conjugation needs only receive. The procedure begins with a source transmitting a single probe pulse. After waiting for the multipathed arrivals to clear, the source then transmits the data stream. At each element in the distant receiving array, the received probe is cross-correlated with the received data stream. This cross-correlation is done in parallel at each array element and the results are summed across the array to achieve the final communication signal suitable for demodulation. As the ocean changes, it becomes necessary to break up the data stream and insert new probe pulses. Results from an experiment conducted in Puget Sound near Seattle are reported. Measurements were made at multiple ranges and water depths in range-dependent environments

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 4 )