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Power systems for autonomous underwater vehicles

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4 Author(s)
Bradley, A.M. ; Dept. of Appl. Ocean Phys. & Eng., Woods Hole Oceanogr. Instn., MA, USA ; Feezor, M.D. ; Singh, H. ; Sorrell, F.Yates

In this paper, we examine the issues involved in designing battery systems and power-transfer (charging) techniques for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) operating within an Autonomous Ocean Sampling Network (AOSN). We focus on three different aspects of the problem, battery chemistry, pack management and in situ charging. We look at a number of choices for battery chemistry and evaluate these based on the requirements of maximizing power density and low temperature operation particular to AUVs. We look at the issues involved in combining individual cells into large battery packs and at the problems associated with battery monitoring, and the charging and discharging of packs in a typical AUV application. Finally, we present a methodology for charging an AUV battery pack in situ in support of long term deployments at remote sites

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 4 )