Skip to Main Content
The effects of element height on time-shift estimation and transmit focus compensation are demonstrated experimentally. Multirow ultrasonic transducer arrays were emulated by combining adjacent elements of a 3.0-MHz, 0.6-mm pitch, two-dimensional array to define larger virtual elements. Pulse-echo data were acquired through tissue-mimicking distributed aberrators, and time-shift maps estimated from those data were used for transmit focus compensation. Compensated beams formed by arrays with fine row pitches were similar, but focus restoration was significantly less effective for "1.75-D" arrays with a coarse row pitch. For example, when focus compensation was derived from strongly aberrated random scattering data [70-ns nominal rms arrival time fluctuation with 7 mm FWHM (full-width at half-maximum) correlation length], the mean -20 dB lateral beamwidths were 5.2 mm for f/2.0 arrays with 0.6- and 1.8-mm row pitches and 9.5 mm for an f /2.0 array with 5.4-mm pitch. Time-shift maps estimated from random scattering data acquired with 5.4-mm pitch arrays included large discontinuities caused by low correlation of signals received on vertically and diagonally adjacent emulated elements. The results indicate that multirow arrays designed for use with aberration correction should have element dimensions much less than 75% of the correlation length of the aberration and perhaps as small as 25 to 30% of the correlation length.
Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:48 , Issue: 6 )
Date of Publication: Nov. 2001