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Some novel classifiers designed using prototypes extracted by a new scheme based on self-organizing feature map

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2 Author(s)
A. Laha ; Nat. Inst. of Manage. Calcutta, India ; N. R. Pal

We propose two new comprehensive schemes for designing prototype-based classifiers. The scheme addresses all major issues (number of prototypes, generation of prototypes, and utilization of the prototypes) involved in the design of a prototype-based classifier. First we use Kohonen's self-organizing feature map (SOFM) algorithm to produce a minimum number (equal to the number of classes) of initial prototypes. Then we use a dynamic prototype generation and tuning algorithm (DYNAGEN) involving merging, splitting, deleting, and retraining of the prototypes to generate an adequate number of useful prototypes. These prototypes are used to design a "1 nearest multiple prototype (1-NMP)" classifier. Though the classifier performs quite well, it cannot reasonably deal with large variation of variance among the data from different classes. To overcome this deficiency we design a "1 most similar prototype (1-MSP)" classifier. We use the prototypes generated by the SOFM-based DYNAGEN algorithm and associate with each of them a zone of influence. A norm (Euclidean)-induced similarity measure is used for this. The prototypes and their zones of influence are fine-tuned by minimizing an error function. Both classifiers are trained and tested using several data sets, and a consistent improvement in performance of the latter over the former has been observed. We also compared our classifiers with some benchmark results available in the literature

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B (Cybernetics)  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 6 )