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A neural-network-based controller for a single-link flexible manipulator using the inverse dynamics approach

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2 Author(s)
Zhihong Su ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada ; Khorasani, K.

This paper presents an intelligent-based control strategy for tip position tracking control of a single-link flexible manipulator. Motivated by the well-known inverse dynamics control strategy for rigid-link manipulators, two feedforward neural networks (NNs) are proposed to learn the nonlinearities of the flexible arm associated with the inverse dynamics controller. The redefined output approach is used by feeding back this output to guarantee the minimum phase behavior of the resulting closed-loop system. No a priori knowledge about the nonlinearities of the system is needed and the payload mass is also assumed to be unknown. The network weights are adjusted using a modified online error backpropagation algorithm that is based on the propagation of output tracking error, derivative of that error and the tip deflection of the manipulator. The real-time controller is implemented on an experimental test bed. The results achieved by the proposed NN-based controller are compared experimentally with conventional proportional-plus-derivative-type and standard inverse dynamics controls to substantiate and verify the advantages of our proposed scheme and its promising potential in identification and control of nonlinear systems

Published in:

Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

Dec 2001

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