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Laser experiments with single atoms as a test of basic physics

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5 Author(s)
Diedrich, F. ; Sektion Phys., Munchen Univ., Garching, West Germany ; Krause, J. ; Rempe, G. ; Scully, M.O.
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Two experiments with single atoms are reviewed. In the first experiment, the interaction of a single Rydberg atom with a single mode of an electromagnetic field was investigated. The quantum collapse and revivals of the atomic inversion predicted by the Jaynes-Cummings model were demonstrated for the first time. In the second experiment, a single atomic ion stored in a radio-frequency trap was probed by resonance fluorescence. In the fluorescent light, antibunching and sub-Poissonian photon statistics were detected. Furthermore, `crystallization' and `evaporation' of few ions in a trap were observed as the stored ions were cooled by the laser light and heated by the radio-frequency field of the trap

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 7 )