By Topic

Navigation: ships to space

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)

An examination is made of old and new navigation technology that considers most factors affecting this technology, including cost, accuracy, autonomy, time-delay, global coverage, and the human interface. The author reviews cartography and the navigation of land, ship, air, and space vehicles, concluding with a forecast of navigation in the twenty-first century. An extensive annotated bibliography is included.<>

Published in:

Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 5 )