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Noise robust speech parameterization using multiresolution feature extraction

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3 Author(s)
Hariharan, R. ; Speech & Audio Syst. Lab., Nokia Res. Center, Tampere, Finland ; Kiss, Imre ; Viikki, O.

In this paper, we present a multiresolution-based feature extraction technique for speech recognition in adverse conditions. The proposed front-end algorithm uses mel cepstrum-based feature computation of subbands in order not to spread noise distortions over the entire feature space. Conventional full-band features are also augmented to the final feature vector which is fed to the recognition unit. Other novel features of the proposed front-end algorithm include emphasis of long-term spectral information combined with cepstral domain feature vector normalization and the use of the PCA transform, instead of DCT, to provide the final cepstral parameters. The proposed algorithm was experimentally evaluated in a connected digit recognition task under various noise conditions. The results obtained show that the new feature extraction algorithm improves word recognition accuracy by 41 % when compared to the performance of mel cepstrum front-end. A substantial increase in recognition accuracy was observed in all tested noise environments at all different SNRs. The good performance of the multiresolution front-end is not only due to the higher feature vector dimension, but the proposed algorithm clearly outperformed the mel cepstral front-end when the same number of HMM parameters were used in both systems. We also propose methods to reduce the computational complexity of the multiresolution front-end-based speech recognition system. Experimental results indicate the viability of the proposed techniques

Published in:

Speech and Audio Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 8 )

Date of Publication:

Nov 2001

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