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Unsupervised classification of multifrequency and fully polarimetric SAR images based on the H/A/Alpha-Wishart classifier

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3 Author(s)
Ferro-Famil, L. ; Lab. Antennes Radar et Telecommun., Rennes I Univ., France ; Pottier, E. ; Jong-Sen Lee

Introduces a new classification scheme for dual frequency polarimetric SAR data sets. A (6×6) polarimetric coherency matrix is defined to simultaneously take into account the full polarimetric information from both images. This matrix is composed of the two coherency matrices and their cross-correlation. A decomposition theorem is applied to both images to obtain 64 initial clusters based on their scattering characteristics. The data sets are then classified by an iterative algorithm based on a complex Wishart density function of the 6×6 matrix. A class number reduction technique is then applied on the 64 resulting clusters to improve the efficiency of the interpretation and representation of each class. An alternative technique is also proposed which introduces the polarimetric cross-correlation information to refine the results of classification to a small number of clusters using the conditional probability of the cross-correlation matrix. These classification schemes are applied to full polarimetric P, L, and C-band SAR images of the Nezer Forest, France, acquired by the NASA/JPL AIRSAR sensor in 1989

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 11 )