By Topic

Improved approaches for cost-effective traffic grooming in WDM ring networks: ILP formulations and single-hop and multihop connections

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Jian Wang ; Networks Lab., California Univ., Davis, CA, USA ; Wonhong Cho ; V. Rao Vemuri ; B. Mukherjee

Traffic grooming is the term used to describe how different traffic streams are packed into higher speed streams. In a synchronous optical network-wavelength division multiplexing (SONET-WDM) ring network, each wavelength can carry several lower-rate traffic streams in time division (TDM) fashion. The traffic demand, which is an integer multiple of the timeslot capacity, between any two nodes is established on several TDM virtual connections. A virtual connection needs to be added and dropped only at the two end nodes of the connection; as a result, the electronic add-drop multiplexers (ADMs) at intermediate nodes (if there are any) will electronically bypass this timeslot. Instead of having an ADM on every wavelength at every node, it may be possible to have some nodes on some wavelength where no add-drop is needed on any timeslot; thus, the total number of ADMs in the network (and, hence, the network cost) can be reduced. Under the static traffic pattern, the savings can be maximized by carefully packing the virtual connections into wavelengths. In this work, we allow arbitrary (nonuniform) traffic and we present a formal mathematical definition of the problem, which turns out to be an integer linear program (ILP). Then, we propose a simulated-annealing-based heuristic algorithm for the case where all the traffic is carried on directly connected virtual connections (referred to as the single-hop case). Next, we study the case where a hub node is used to bridge traffic from different wavelengths (referred to as the multihop case). We find the following main results. The simulated-annealing-based approach has been found to achieve the best results, so far, in most cases, relative to other comparable approaches proposed in the literature. In general, a multihop approach can achieve better equipment savings when the traffic-grooming ratio is large, but it consumes more bandwidth

Published in:

Journal of Lightwave Technology  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 11 )