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Development and study of an automatic AC bridge for impedance measurement

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3 Author(s)
Dutta, M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Jadavpur Univ., Calcutta, India ; Rakshit, A. ; Bhattacharyya, S.N.

An automatic ac bridge method employing the principle of balancing by means of a stochastic gradient search algorithm is presented. Among the various gradient search techniques, the Widrow-Hoff least mean square (LMS) technique has been chosen as it involves a low computational burden. The LMS algorithm has been used by the authors for the operation of an ac bridge operating with continuous variables. The relevant operation has been verified by simulation; it can also measure negative impedance. A relation has been established between parameters to be used in the LMS algorithm for discrete and continuous versions of the bridge. The balance convergence time for a relatively simple form of the LMS bridge, namely, the R-R type bridge, has been theoretically established and experimentally verified both by simulation and real-time implementation. The frequency response of the LMS algorithm has also been determined

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Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 5 )