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Summary form only given. The use of a single-defect photonic band gap (PBG) cavity offers the possibility of spontaneous emission modification and nearly thresholdless laser operation. Recently, the Caltech group demonstrated a single-defect PBG laser based on a dipole defect mode of two-dimensional (2D) triangular lattice. In this work, we propose and characterize a nondegenerate 2D monopole mode instead of the degenerate dipole mode as a candidate for a thresholdless PBG laser. The FDTD (finite-difference time-domain method) with PML (perfectly matched layer) boundary condition is used for the analysis of defect modes of the 2D PBG cavity.
Date of Conference: 11-11 May 2001