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Seedless laser velocimetry using heterodyne laser-induced thermal acoustics

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4 Author(s)
Hart, R.C. ; Inst. for Comput. Applications in Sci. & Eng., NASA Langley Res. Center, Hampton, VA, USA ; Balla, R.J. ; Herring, G.C. ; Jenkins, L.N.

A need exists for a seedless equivalent of laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) for use in low-turbulence or supersonic flows or elsewhere where seeding is undesirable or impractical. A compact laser velocimeter using heterodyne non-resonant laser-induced thermal acoustics (LITA) to measure a single component of velocity is described. Neither molecular (e.g. NO2) nor particulate seed is added to the flow. In non-resonant LITA two beams split from a short-pulse pump laser are crossed; interference produces two counterpropagating sound waves by electrostriction. A CW probe laser incident on the sound waves at the proper angle is diffracted towards a detector. Measurement of the beating between the Doppler-shifted light and a highly attenuated portion of the: probe beam allows determination of one component of flow velocity, speed of sound, and temperature. The sound waves essentially take the place of the particulate seed used in LDV. The velocimeter was used to study the flow behind a rearward-facing step in NASA Langley Research Center's Basic Aerodynamics Research Tunnel. Comparison is made with pitot-static probe data in the freestream over the range 0 m/s - 55 m/s. Comparison with LDV is made in the recirculation region behind the step and in a well-developed boundary layer in front of the step. Good agreement is found in all cases

Published in:

Instrumentation in Aerospace Simulation Facilities, 2001. 19th International Congress on ICIASF 2001

Date of Conference:

Aug 2001