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Software-controlled processor speed setting for low-power streaming multimedia

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3 Author(s)
A. Acquaviva ; Dept. of Electron. & Inf. Sci., Bologna Univ., Italy ; L. Benini ; B. Ricco

In this paper, we describe a software-controlled approach for adaptively minimizing energy in embedded systems for real-time multimedia processing. Energy is optimized by clock speed setting: the software controller dynamically adjusts processor clock speed to the frame rate (FR) requirements of the incoming multimedia stream. The speed-setting policy is based on a system model that correlates clock speed with best case, average case, and worst case sustainable FRs, accounting for data dependency in multimedia streams. The technique has been implemented in a energy-efficient MPEG3 real-time decoder algorithm designed for wearable devices as a case study. The target system is the Hewlett-Packard SmartBadgeIII prototype system based on the StrongARM1100 processor. Hardware measurements show that computational energy can be drastically reduced (up to 40%) with respect to fixed-frequency operation

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 11 )