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Do existing measures of Poincare plot geometry reflect nonlinear features of heart rate variability?

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3 Author(s)
Brennan, M. ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Melbourne Univ., Parkville, Vic., Australia ; Palaniswami, M. ; Kamen, P.

Heart rate variability (HRV) is concerned with the analysis of the intervals between heartbeats. An emerging analysis technique is the Poincare plot, which takes a sequence of intervals and plots each interval against the following interval. The geometry of this plot has been shown to distinguish between healthy and unhealthy subjects in clinical settings. The Poincare plot is a valuable HRV analysis technique due to its ability to display nonlinear aspects of the interval sequence. The problem is, how does one quantitatively characterize the plot to capture useful summary descriptors that are independent of existing HRV measures? Researchers have investigated a number of techniques: converting the two-dimensional plot into various one-dimensional views; the fitting of an ellipse to the plot shape; and measuring the correlation coefficient of the plot. The authors investigate each of these methods in detail and show that they are all measuring linear aspects of the intervals which existing HRV indexes already specify. The fact that these methods appear insensitive to the nonlinear characteristics of the intervals is an important finding because the Poincare plot is primarily a nonlinear technique. Therefore, further work is needed to determine if better methods of characterizing Poincare plot geometry can be found.

Published in:

Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 11 )

Date of Publication:

Nov. 2001

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