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A 3-D X-ray microtomographic system with a CMOS image sensor

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5 Author(s)
Seung Wook Lee ; Dept. of Nucl. Eng., Korea Adv. Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Taejon, South Korea ; Kim, Ho Kyung ; Gyuseong Cho ; Young Hoon Shin
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High-resolution and three-dimensional X-ray imaging is becoming more and more popular. An X-ray microtomographic system with a CMOS image sensor has been developed, We have developed a novel area X-ray detector with a cost-effective CMOS image sensor. The sensing area of the detector is 55×55 mm2 and the light from the phosphor screen is collected to the CMOS image sensor by a carefully designed optical system. Six lenses are assembled to reduce the radiation damage effect and increase the resolution and sensitivity. A microfocus X-ray tube that can reach up to 5 μm of focal spot size and microprecision motor system that can move in x-y-z directions for both alignment and magnification and rotate the object have been adopted. A conventional three-dimensional cone-beam Feldkamp reconstruction algorithm was used and a human cancellous bone has been imaged with this system. Currently, the resolution of this system is about 40 μm but the application in microtomography seems very promising using this CMOS X-ray detector

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 4 )