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Cascaded coefficient number systems lead to FIR filters of striking computational efficiency

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1 Author(s)
Coleman, J.O. ; Naval Res. Lab., Washington, DC, USA

Multiplierless FIR filters (or other fixed linear combiners) are built as add/subtract networks operating on bit-shifted input data. Classically, the computational structure required is determined by simply expressing the coefficients in canonical-signed-digit (CSD) form. In this paper, expressing coefficients in a higher-radix number system instead results in a computational structure for a partial solution, one that reduces a large linear-combination problem to a smaller one. A well-chosen sequence of such number systems then leads to a cascade of these problem-reducing networks that together solve the original problem with remarkable overall computational efficiency, especially for larger filters. An example FIR filter with a real chirp impulse response 3000 samples in length (a matched filter for a pulse-compression radar) was easily realized with -95 dB rms approximation error using less than two add or subtract operations per coefficient. This is a reduction of approximately 60% relative to the usual CSD method

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Electronics, Circuits and Systems, 2001. ICECS 2001. The 8th IEEE International Conference on  (Volume:1 )

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