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Detection of urban structures in SAR images by robust fuzzy clustering algorithms: the example of street tracking

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2 Author(s)
Dell'Acqua, F. ; Dipt. di Elettronica, Pavia Univ., Italy ; Gamba, P.

The authors present a fuzzy approach to the analysis of airborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images of urban environments. In particular, they want to show how to implement structure extraction algorithms based on fuzzy clustering unsupervised approaches. To this aim, the idea is to segment first the sensed data and recognize very basic urban classes (vegetation, roads, and built areas). Then, from these classes, we extract structures and infrastructures of interest. The initial clustering step is obtained by means of fuzzy logic concepts and the successive analyses are able to exploit the corresponding fuzzy partition. As a possible complete procedure for urban SAR images, they focus on the street tracking and extraction problem. Three road extraction algorithms available in literature (namely, the connectivity weighted Hough transform (CWHT), the rotation Hough transform, and the shortest path extraction) have been modified to be consistent with the previously computed fuzzy clustering results. Their different capabilities are applied for the characterization of streets with different width and shape. The whole approach is validated by the analysis of AIRSAR images of Los Angeles, CA

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 10 )