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Focused synthetic aperture radar processing of ice-sounder data collected over the Greenland ice sheet

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3 Author(s)
Legarsky, J.J. ; Dept. of Electr., Kansas Univ., Lawrence, KS, USA ; Gogineni, S.P. ; Akins, T.L.

The authors developed a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) processing algorithm for airborne/spaceborne ice-sounding radar systems and applied it to data collected in Greenland. By using focused SAR (phase-corrected coherent averaging), they improved along-track resolution by a factor of four and provided a 6-dB processing gain over unfocused SAR (coherent averaging without phase correction) based on a point-target analysis for a Greenland ice-sounding data set. Also, They demonstrated that the focused-SAR processing reduced clutter and enabled them to identify bedrock-interface returns buried in clutter. Using focused-SAR technique, they processed data collected over a key 360-km-long portion of the 2000-m contour line of southwest Greenland. To the best of their knowledge, these are the first high-quality radar ice thickness measurements over this key location. Moreover, these ice-thickness measurements have been used for improving mass-balance estimates of the Greenland ice sheet

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 10 )