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Recognition of shape-changing hand gestures based on switching linear model

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4 Author(s)
Mun Ho Jeong ; Dept. of Comput.-Controlled Mech. Syst., Osaka Univ., Japan ; Kuno, Y. ; Shimada, N. ; Shirai, Y.

We present a method to track and recognise shape-changing hand gestures simultaneously. The switching linear model using the active contour model corresponds well to temporal shapes and motions of hands. Inference in the switching linear model is computationally intractable and therefore the learning process cannot be performed via the exact EM (expectation maximization) algorithm. However, we present an approximate EM algorithm using a collapsing method in which some Gaussians are merged into a single Gaussian. Tracking is performed through the forward algorithm based on Kalman filtering and the collapsing method. We also present the regularized smoothing, which plays a role in reducing jump changes between the training sequences of state vectors to cope with complex-variable hand shapes. The recognition process is performed by the selection of a model with the maximum likelihood from some learned models while tracking is being performed. Experiments for several shape-changing hand gestures are demonstrated

Published in:

Image Analysis and Processing, 2001. Proceedings. 11th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

26-28 Sep 2001