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General expressions for IM/DD dispersive analog optical links with external modulation or optical up-conversion in a Mach-Zehnder electrooptical modulator

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3 Author(s)
Corral, J.L. ; ETSI Telecommun., Univ. Politecnica de Valencia, Spain ; Marti, J. ; Fuster, J.M.

A general derivation of the optical modulation process in a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator (DD-MZM) is introduced. The expressions include all harmonics and are entirely general in terms of bias point. Chromatic dispersion is also included allowing the prediction of a number of important phenomena in photonic signal transmission. Examples of special cases of these general equations are then presented. Similar expressions are introduced for harmonic optical up-conversion through a photonic mixer based on a DD-MZM covering any bias point or phase shift between DD-MZM drives

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 10 )