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Autonomous vehicle navigation utilizing electrostatic potential fields and fuzzy logic

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3 Author(s)
Tsourveloudis, N.C. ; Dept. of Production Eng., Tech. Univ. of Crete, Chania, Greece ; Valavanis, K.P. ; Hebert, T.

An electrostatic potential field (EPF) path planner is combined with a two-layered fuzzy logic inference engine and implemented for real-time mobile robot navigation in a 2-D dynamic environment. The environment is first mapped into a resistor network; an electrostatic potential field is then created through current injection into the network. The path of maximum current through the network corresponds to the approximately optimum path in the environment. The first layer of the fuzzy logic inference engine performs sensor fusion from sensor readings into a fuzzy variable, collision, providing information about possible collisions in four directions, front, back, left and right. The second layer guarantees collision avoidance with dynamic obstacles while following the trajectory generated by the electrostatic potential field. The proposed approach is experimentally tested using the Nomad 200 mobile robot

Published in:

Robotics and Automation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 4 )