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Efficient matching and indexing of graph models in content-based retrieval

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3 Author(s)
Berretti, S. ; Dipt. Sistemi e Inf., Firenze Univ., Italy ; Del Bimbo, A. ; Vicario, E.

In retrieval from image databases, evaluation of similarity, based both on the appearance of spatial entities and on their mutual relationships, depends on content representation based on attributed relational graphs. This kind of modeling entails complex matching and indexing, which presently prevents its usage within comprehensive applications. In this paper, we provide a graph-theoretical formulation for the problem of retrieval based on the joint similarity of individual entities and of their mutual relationships and we expound its implications on indexing and matching. In particular, we propose the usage of metric indexing to organize large archives of graph models, and we propose an original look-ahead method which represents an efficient solution for the (sub)graph error correcting isomorphism problem needed to compute object distances. Analytic comparison and experimental results show that the proposed lookahead improves the state-of-the-art in state-space search methods and that the combined use of the proposed matching and indexing scheme permits for the management of the complexity of a typical application of retrieval by spatial arrangement

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 10 )