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Magnetic properties of NiZnCu ferrite powders and thin films prepared by a sol-gel method

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4 Author(s)
Woo Chul Kim ; Dept. of Phys., Kookmin Univ., Seoul, South Korea ; Kim, Sam Jin ; Uhm, Young Rang ; Kim, Chul Sung

Ultrafine Ni0.63Zn0.17Cu0.2Fe2O4 powders and thin films were fabricated by a sol-gel method and their magnetic and structural properties were investigated with thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), Mossbauer spectrometer, atomic force microscope (AFM), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). TG-DTA measurements showed an exothermic reaction peak at 306°C with weight loss of 49%. NiZnCu ferrite powders which were fired at and above 450°C had only a single phase spinel structure and behaved ferrimagnetically. Powders annealed at 250 and 350°C had a typical spinel structure and were simultaneously paramagnetic and ferrimagnetic in nature. The magnetic behavior of NiZnCu ferrite powders fired at and above 550°C showed that an increase of the annealing temperature yielded a decrease in the coercivity and an increase in the saturation magnetization. The maximum coercivity and the saturation magnetization of NiZnCu ferrite powders were Hc=160 Oe and Ms=64 emu/g, respectively. NiZnCu ferrite thin films annealed at 650°C had a single phase spinel structure and there was no significance difference of their magnetic properties for external fields applied parallel and perpendicular to their planes. The microstructure of thin films annealed at 650°C consisted of spherical grains with the average size of 120 nm and 5 nm in surface roughness (rms)

Published in:

Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Jul 2001

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