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Theory of synthetic aperture radar imaging of a moving target

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1 Author(s)
Jen King Jao ; Lincoln Lab., MIT, Lexington, MA, USA

Two novel image processing techniques have been developed to refocus a moving target image from its smeared response in the synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image which is focused on the stationary ground. Both approaches may be implemented with efficient fast Fourier transform (FFT) routines to process the Fourier spatial spectrum of the image data. The first approach utilizes a matched target filter that is derived from the signal history along the range-Doppler migration path mapped onto the SAR image from the moving target trajectory in real space. The coherent spatial filter is specified by the apparent target range in the image and the magnitude of the relative target-to-radar velocity. The second approach eliminates the range-dependence by reconstructing the moving target image from a spectral function that is obtained from the SAR image data spectrum via a spatial frequency coordinate transformation

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 9 )