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Dose imaging and profiling for boron neutron capture therapy planning

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9 Author(s)
G. Gambarini ; Dipt. di Fisica, Univ. degli Studi di Milano, Italy ; S. Agosteo ; U. Danesi ; F. Garbellini
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Imaging and profiling of the absorbed dose in tissue-equivalent gel-phantoms exposed to thermal neutrons were performed at the TAPIRO fast reactor (ENEA, Italy). The proposed method, aimed at supporting the planning of Neutron Capture Therapy (NCT), allows to measure 3D distributions of the therapy dose not only in tumors, but also in the healthy tissue. This feature is very important, because the value of the maximum fluence admitted for therapy is limited by the dose absorbed in the healthy tissue. Fricke-infused gel-phantoms were designed, which allow to image the absorbed dose by means of optical analysis, based on the detection of visible-light absorbance with a CCD camera. Moreover, the various components of the secondary radiation contributing to the dose can be separated through the differential analysis of images obtained with gels with different elemental compositions. Dose mapping in a phantom was also performed with thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) and a method for separating the different dose contributions was studied, basing on the analysis of the glow-curve shapes of different kinds of TLDs. The agreement of the results obtained with the two techniques confirmed the validity of the method. Fluence measurements performed with activation techniques and Monte Carlo simulations gave further support

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Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2000 IEEE  (Volume:3 )

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