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New calibration technique for microwave moisture sensors

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3 Author(s)
Trabelsi, S. ; US Dept. of Agric., Athens, GA, USA ; Kraszewski, A.W. ; Nelson, S.O.

A new calibration technique was developed for implementation with microwave moisture sensors. The calibration permittivity function used for this purpose allows computation of moisture content in granular materials with significant differences in shape, dimensions, and composition, independent of bulk density and with temperature compensation. A 3D representation is used to plot the calibration permittivity function as it depends on temperature and moisture content in wheat and corn. For each material, data points form a plane surface. These planes have nearly the same coefficients, which can be utilized for the development of a “universal” calibration method for moisture sensing in natural and manufactured granular materials. Foundations of the method are discussed based on results obtained for wheat and corn over a wide temperature range and at moisture contents of practical interest

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Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 4 )