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The authors hypothesized that frequency domain analysis of an interatrial atrial fibrillation (AF) electrogram would show a correlation of the variance of the signal and the amplitude of harmonic peaks with the periodicity and morphology (organization) of the AF signal and defibrillation efficacy. The authors sought to develop an algorithm that would provide a high-resolution measurement of the changes in the spatiotemporal organization of AF. AF was initiated with burst atrial pacing in ten dogs. The atrial defibrillation threshold (ADFT 50) was determined, and defibrillation was repeated at the ADFT 50. Bipolar electrograms from the shocking electrodes were acquired immediately preshock, digitally filtered, and a FFT was performed. The organization index (OI) was calculated as the ratio of the area under the first four harmonic peaks to the total area of the spectrum. For a 4-s window, the mean OI was 0.505±0.087 for successful shocks, versus 0.352±0.068 for unsuccessful shocks (p<0.001). Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the optimal sampling window for predicting successful shocks. The area of the ROC curve was 0.8 for a 1-s window, and improved to 0.9 for a 4-s window. The authors conclude that the spectrum of an AF signal contains information relating to its organization, and can be used in predicting a successful defibrillation.
Date of Publication: Sept. 2001