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RF linearity characteristics of SiGe HBTs

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5 Author(s)
Guofu Niu ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Auburn Univ., AL, USA ; Qingqing Liang ; Cressler, J.D. ; Webster, C.S.
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Two-tone intermodulation in ultrahigh vacuum/chemical vapor deposition SiGe heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs) were analyzed using a Volterra-series-based approach that completely distinguishes individual nonlinearities. Avalanche multiplication and collector-base (CB) capacitance were shown to be the dominant nonlinearities in a single-stage common emitter amplifier. At a given Ic an optimum Vce exists for a maximum third-order intercept point (IIP3). The IIP3 is limited by the avalanche multiplication nonlinearity at low Ic, and limited by the CCB nonlinearity at high Ic. The decrease of the avalanche multiplication rate at high Ic is beneficial to linearity in SiGe HBTs. The IIP3 is sensitive to the biasing condition because of strong dependence of the avalanche multiplication current and CB capacitance on Ic and Vce. The load dependence of linearity was attributed to the feedback through the CB capacitance and the avalanche multiplication in the CB junction. Implications on the optimization of the transistor biasing condition and transistor structure for improved linearity are also discussed

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 9 )