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Segmented information dispersal (SID) data layouts for digital video servers

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2 Author(s)
Cohen, A. ; Topspin Commun., Palo Alto, CA, USA ; Bunkhard, W.A.

We present a novel data organization for disk arrays-segmented information dispersal(SID). SID provides protection against disk failures while ensuring that the reconstruction of the missing data requires only relatively small contiguous accesses to the available disks. SID has a number of properties that make it an attractive solution for fault-tolerant video servers. Under fault-free conditions, SID performs as well as RAID 5 and organizations based on balanced incomplete block designs (BIBD). Under failure, SID performs much better than RAID 5 since it significantly reduces the size of the disk accesses performed by the reconstruction process. SID also performs much better than BIBD by ensuring the contiguity of the reconstruction accesses. Contiguity is a very significant factor for video retrieval workloads, as we demonstrate. We present SID data organizations with a concise representation which enables the reconstruction process to efficiently locate the needed video and check data

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Knowledge and Data Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 4 )