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Absolute activity quantitation from projections using an analytical approach: comparison with iterative methods in Tc-99m and I-123 brain SPECT

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3 Author(s)
G. El Fakhri ; Dept. of Radiol., Harvard Med. Sch., Boston, MA, USA ; M. F. Kijewski ; S. C. Moore

Estimates of SPECT activity within certain deep brain structures could be useful for clinical tasks such as early prediction of Alzheimer's disease with Tc-99m or Parkinson's disease with I-123; however, such estimates are biased by poor spatial resolution and inaccurate scatter and attenuation corrections. We compared an analytical approach (AA) of more accurate quantitation to a slower iterative approach (IA). Monte Carlo simulated projections of 12 normal and 12 pathologic Tc-99m perfusion studies, as well as 12, normal and 12 pathologic I-123 neurotransmission studies, were generated using a digital brain phantom and corrected for scatter by a multispectral fitting procedure. The AA included attenuation correction by a modified Metz-Fan algorithm and activity estimation by a technique that incorporated Metz filtering to compensate for variable collimator response (VCR), IA-modeled attenuation, and VCR in the projector/backprojector of an ordered subsets-expectation maximization (OSEM) algorithm. Bias and standard deviation over the 12 normal and 12 pathologic patients were calculated with respect to the reference values in the corpus callosum, caudate nucleus, and putamen. The IA and AA yielded similar quantitation results in both Tc-99m and I-123 studies in all brain structures considered in both normal and pathologic patients. The bias with respect to the reference activity distributions was less than 7% for Tc-99m studies, but greater than 30% for I-123 studies, due to partial volume effect in the striata. Our results were validated using I-123 physical acquisitions of an anthropomorphic brain phantom. The IA yielded quantitation accuracy comparable to that obtained with IA, while requiring much less processing time. However, in most conditions, IA yielded lower noise for the same bias than did AA

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 3 )